Impact and cascading effect of cyber-physical attack

Business case 2 (BC2), “Impacts and cascading effects of cyber-physical attacks to Strategic Nodes of the Gas network“ addresses the adaptation, customization, deployment, and testing of the SecureGas HLRA and the extended components. It will result in the deployment of a specific security solution, integrated as far as possible into operations and evaluated by the BC owner during pilot activities.

The Business case is structured into 3 standalone uses cases:

Use case 1:

Risk assessment of a pipeline hub.

Use case 2:

Methane leak detection by an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).

Use case 3:

Remote control deployment of valves

1. Risk assessment of a pipeline hub


  • All-hazard, all-threat case study of Jauniunai compressor station and nearby pipeline junction area.


The risk assessment will take an all-hazards, all-threats approach by analyzing in detail natural hazards likely to happen in the area (forest fire, extreme cold, hurricane), external events (airplane crash), technical failures (pipeline corrosion, compressor failure, valve inadvertent closure), human errors (operators’ actions, unauthorized ground works), intentional human malicious actions on site (terrorist acts) or cyber-attacks. The methodological basis for the study will be a hazard and operability (HAZOP) methodology.

2. Methane leak detection by unmanned aerial vehicles


  • Simulation, testing and customization of UAV equipment with detection, inspection, data processing and storage modules on selected section of Amber Grid infrastructure. Blockchain technology will be used for integrity assurance of data transfer between UAV and the IT infrastructure of Amber Grid.


The remote gas detection system used with UAV will be capable to detect very low methane concentrations and report for photographic documentation of inspection flights providing knowledge of the general condition of the pipeline route, locations where the pipeline is over ground (exposed, air crossings) and state of objects.

Some pictures of pipelines and gas system

3. Remote control deployment of valves


  • Verification of the priority list of valves connected to SCADA and development of priority list of not connected valves; development of a multi-criteria decision tool; review of possible risk scenarios where third-party activity could affect the system operations.


The valves management improves the infrastructure system’s operational efficiency and security, reduce potential losses in case of an accident or unexpected interruption of the supply, as well as improve the quality of the transmission service provided.

The result of the study will be a verification of the priority list of valves connected to SCADA as well as the development of a priority list of those valves that currently are not connected to SCADA.



D 5.1 completed – the definition of the Business case 2 scenario was prepared and submitted for approval

D5.2 completed – Extended components customized to the specific requirements and issues of the BC2 prepared and submitted for approval

The main aim was to achieve a deeper level of analysis as to who does what and when (per case), given the valid operational context. According to the foreseen scenarios for the Business Case, the relevant technical components of the SecureGas solution were selected and customized in line with the needs and constraints as defined by the scenarios, and then, integrated and unified according to HLRA.

Some pictures of pipelines and gas system